CARE International in Kosovo
contributing to a sustainable peace

Project name: Strengthening Democracy Efforts in Kosovo through Peacebuilding Initiative

Location of the Action: Municipalities of Pejë/Pec, Klinë/a, Istog/k, Gjilan/Gnjilane, Kamenicë/a and Novo Brdo/Novo Bërdë.

Donors to the Action: United Nations Democracy Fund (UNDEF)

Period of Implementation: 01/04/2007 - 31/12/2008

Project Description:

The project focused on capacity-building interventions aimed at increasing the quality of local government services to the communities with ethnically mixed populations, as a critical component for establishing trust and sound working relationships between municipalities and communities. Furthermore, the project focused on supporting civil society organizations and municipal governments to identify the root causes of conflict and ways of addressing them, in order to end the cyclical nature of violence in Kosovo.

SDEKPI’s capacity-building approach to peace building which centres on facilitation of open dialogue between communities by trusted local intermediaries, as well as building relationships of institutional support with municipalities and local civil society was highly relevant to the Kosovo context. The project was an important contribution to the coherent area-based approach to peace-building CARE Kosovo has developed in recent times in Gjilan / Gnjilane and Pejë / Pec. Great success has been achieved via the realisation of a small number of inter-ethnic development initiatives (outcome 2), which cover a range of action types, including infrastructure, sporting events and culturo-educational workshops. The project has been delivered at a reasonable overall cost, thus offering relatively good value for money.

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Project name: Socio-economic support to RAE returnees in Ferizaj/Urosevac and Lipjan/Lipljane

Location of the Action: Municipalities of Ferizaj/Urosevac and Lipjan/Lipljane

Donors to the Action: Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe, Sponsored by German Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Period of Implementation: 01/07/2008 - 28/02/2009

Project Description:

This project aims to facilitate the socio-economic assistance for return of a maximum of 40 Kosovo RAE families (240 persons) to the municipality of Ferizaj/Urosevac from Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia, and elsewhere in Kosovo and subsequent peaceful reintegration. Core project activities are the economic development assistance to establish self-reliance and generate community benefits for all inhabitants and establishment of peaceful co-existence among the receiving community and returnees.

Some of the project’s accomplishments include:

• Training of 57 RAE individuals in basic business management skills
• Training of 57 RAE individuals in basic business accounting (bookkeeping) skills
• Training of 57 RAE individuals in basic business marketing skills
• Start up of 57 new businesses
• Employed 25 RAE returnees in existing private sector
• Provided training for 168 representatives of municipality, civil society and community in the area of conflict resolution and rights-based approaches

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Project name: Sustainable Sub-urban Returns in Ferizaj/Uroshevac Municipality

Location of the Action: Ferizaj/Uroshevac Municipality

Donors to the Action: European Agency for Reconstruction (EAR)

Period of Implementation: 01/12/2005 - 31/08/2007

Project Description:

This multi-sectoral project aims to facilitate the return of a maximum of 40 Kosovo Serb families (215 persons) to the village Talinovc/Talinovac in Ferizaj/Urosevac municipality from Serbia and within Kosovo and subsequent peaceful reintegration. Core project activities are the rehabilitation/reconstruction of houses and economic and business development assistance to establish self-reliance and generate community benefits for returning families and for five (5) vulnerable Kosovo Albanian families residing in the village) and priority community social infrastructure for all inhabitants.

The project started in December 2005 and was completed during August 2007. Accomplishments included:

• Formation of the multi-ethnic council in the site of Talinoc/Talinovac
• Return of the 40 Kosovo Serbian IDP families in the site
• Proactive support of the municipal local authorities towards the return process
• Freedom of movement as a result of the projects’ inter-ethnic dialogue resulted, acknowledged by the security stakeholders (i.e. KFOR, KPS)
• Constructed 45 houses, among which 40 for the returnees
• Completed the construction of the sewage system
• Facilitated the fundraising for the water system through GAR funds

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Project name: Stabilization Through Attainment of Rights and Tolerance I & II

Location of the Action: Prishtinë/a, Mitrovicë/a, Pejë/Pec and Gjilan/Gnjilane

Donors to the Action: The Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Period of Implementation: 01/01/2004 - 30/06/2007

Project Description:
The sustainable returns of the IIDP/IDP/Refugees from Serbia and fYROM to Kosovo, through community stabilization and reconciliation. This two and half year program sought to create sustainable returns and reintegration by working with K-Albanian, K-Serbian and K-RAE ethnic groups in 21 locations across Kosovo. Some achievements to date include:
  • The return of 62 K-Serbian families in Ferizaj/Urosevac and Klina municipalities funded through EAR and UNDP.
  • The establishment of regular inter-ethnic dialogue in 22 sites across Kosovo, which enabled communities to discuss their ethnic grievances and disputes.
  • The improvement of living conditions by contributing to the inter-ethnic relations of Kosovo communities. This was achieved by 11 community development projects implemented by the START II program which included: two road rehabilitation, two water supply projects, two sewage systems, two sport fields, two community centers and one renovation of the street lights.
  • The provision of 31 SME grants incentives to promote inter-ethnic collaboration where community structures and members met the SME criteria. 169 community members benefited from these grants, including 35 K-Albanian, 87 K-Serb, 42 K-REA and 5 K-Bosniacs. Various grants were given for agriculture, green houses, cows, milk collection points, internet cafés, small shoe factory, coffee and grocery stores and employment generating opportunities in several enterprises.
  • The engagement of the municipal authorities in the return and re-integration process (such as the implementation of the multi-sectoral project in Klinafc/Klinavac, the implementation of the water system project in Ferizaj/Urosevac, financial contribution to the return and re-integration process from the municipal governments).
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